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Research is a systematic way to link resources for particular sciences. It allows us to verify information that may be accepted as fact, to determine its origin. For instance, many common words in one language, have totally different definitions in other languages. Consider also historical figures known by one name which is associated with their original culture may have been changed and linked to a separate culture for purposes of “miseducation or politics.”. Research if done properly can bring a fruitful result. But research if not done properly can be costlier than the result we are supposed to get. So, before doing the research what are those pre-requisites or what are those question that should be clicked in our mind??How passionate am I about research? How ready am I being open to new ideas? Have I developed ‘I can do’ attitude? Am I ready to examine my deep-seated values about teaching and research?

How research is to be understood??

  • Testing, proving and disproving hypothesis!
  • Constructing meanings and generating reflective understanding of others.
  • Challenging unjustifiable practices, beliefs and values.
  • Research as       writing, reading and fulfilment.
  • Known to Unknown.

Research can be seen as “a carful investigation or inquiry especially through research for new facts in any branch of knowledge”. 

Dominowski (1980) defined as “research is a fact-finding activity.”

Kerlinger (2000) mentioned that “research is a systematic, controlled, empirical and critical investigation of natural phenomenon guided by theory and hypothesis about the presumed relations among such phenomenon.”

Sekaran (2000) defined that “research is an organized, systematic, data-based, critical, scientific enquiry or investigation into a specific problem, undertaken with the objective of finding answers or solutions to it.”

Kothari (2006) stated “research is the pursuit of truth with the help of study, observation, comparison and experiment; the search for knowledge through objective and systematic method of finding solutions to a problem.”

To Sum Up: Research is the systematic process of collecting and analysing information (data) in order to increase our understanding of the phenomenon with which we are concerned or interested..

Research involves three main stages:

  • Planning.
  • Data collection.
  • Analysis.

Features of Research

  • Quest of New Knowledge.
  • Knowledge Building Process.
  • Systematic, Organized and In-depth Study.
  • Committed to Objectivity.
  • Rigorous.
  • Purposive.
  • Replicability.
  • Ethical Neutrality.
  • Inductive Technique.

What is the Role of Books and Journal Articles in Research work? 

  • They distribute scientific knowledge in a timely fashion.
  • Journals follow strict standards for submission.
  • They require pre-publication review by peers to maintain organized skepticism.
  • They account for prior research and literature.
  • Journals do not pay their authors; the prestige of publishing is the reward they offer.

Scientific Method 

Scientific research is an investigation followed experiment, observation, and logical arguments from accepted postulates and combination of three in varying propositions (Ostle & Mensing, 2006)

What is Scientific Research Method?

Scientific method of research relies on the following postulates;

  • Empirical evidences 
  • Relevant concepts
  • Objective considerations 
  • Observed as in their natural setting
  • Aims at formulating scientific theories

What is qualitative Method?

  • It constructs business reality subjectively.
  • It focuses on interactive processes and events.
  • The qualitative style depends on authenticity.
  • It recognizes and responds to pre-existing scientific values.
  • The qualitative style recognizes the value of experience in specific situations.
  • It focuses on studying a small number of special cases.
  • The qualitative style is used to analyze inductively themes that repeat in the data.
  • It involves the researcher intimately in the study being conducted.

What is Quantitative method?

A quantitative style measures ‘facts’ objectively. It focuses on variables. The quantitative style depends on reliability. It remains free of pre-existing values. The quantitative style stays independent of the context and setting. It studies many cases and subjects. A quantitative style analyses numbers using inferential statistics. It removes the researcher from the study by remaining detached. What you see is exact picture. Nothing beyond that is real.

Hopefully this overview will help you to think about the possible benefits of using a particular method, and also help you think about which type of project will help you to really get what you want out of the project

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