Israel-Palestine conflict; history; in a nutshell:
Israel-Palestine issue is a century old issue. It takes us to the times of World War I when Britain seized control of Palestine after the Ottoman Empire, the monarch of that region of the Middle East. The Jewish minority and an Arab majority populated the territory. When Britain was entrusted the responsibility of establishing a “democratic state” for Jewish people in Palestine by the global community, tension between these two nations escalated. It was their ancient residence for Jews, but Palestinian Arabs also acquired the ground and opposed it. The number of Jews who arrived there surged between the 1920s and 1940s, many of them fled persecution in Europe, looking for a country following the WWII Nazi regime.
The United Nations agreed in 1947 that Palestine needs to be partitioned into Jewish and Arab governments and that Jerusalem has to become an intersection for international metropolis. The Jewish leaders appreciated this concept but the Arabs vetoed the plan and never agreed on it.
The conflict was bereaved mid-war by the British ruler and Jewish declared the authority of the state. By what Israel named Al-Nakba or the “catastrophe,” Palestinians were thrown out of their homes. As an outcome, Jordan was occupying the West Bank while Egypt was also occupying Gaza. Israel occupied east Jerusalem, West Bank, most of the Syrian Golan Heights, Gaza, and the Egyptian Sinai Peninsula in another battle in 1967. In Gaza and West Bank, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon are nearby, with the majority of Palestinian refugees and their descendants. The people remain captivated by the Israelis. Israel has constructed colonies in these areas for more than 50 years, where over six hundred thousand Jews now live. While Palestinians argue this disregards the international laws and are barriers to peace, Israel refuses to do so
The current scenario between the Israel and Palestine:
In Eastern Jerusalem, Gaza and West Bank Israel and the Palestinian people are constantly subjected to major war concerns. The Palestinian terrorist called the Hama Party, which repeatedly fought against Israel, now governs Gaza. In order to prevent ammunition infiltrating Hamas, Israel and Egypt have close control on the borders of Gaza. Gaza and the West Bank Palestinians suffer great loss due to the actions and restrictions imposed by Israel. The conflicts between the police and the Palestinians have increased since the beginning of Ramadan in the Muslim fasting month in mid-April 2021. When these Palestinians were frightened beyond human frontiers, outrage and protest were raging.
The history and the current circumstances are proof there are countless issues that Israel and Palestinians cannot agree on. One of it is regarding what should be done to the Palestinians. The dispute is whether Jewish settlements should stay or be removed from the occupied West Bank, whether Jerusalem should be shared by the two sides. The trickiest of all decisions is if it is advisable to build a Palestinian state together along with Israel. The negotiations and agreement to peace are taking place on and off for over 25 years but still, the loss of lives and destructions are escalating.
The facts and figures propose the sad reality that the conflict is not going to end any time soon. Palestinians have outranked the agreement made by the former US President Donald Trump called ‘the deal of the century. The agreement of both sides is mandatory to resolve the issues. The ideal will be both the parties inhabiting the land peacefully respecting both the religion. This war between Hamas and Israel is the fourth big war since 2008. If the status quo among these two parties is not resolved, the future will be questionable.