In human evolution and larger communities, humans have lived in a group with mutual understanding and relying on each other. Over time, larger communities have been founded by small isolated groups. Gradually, societies were civilized. We speak of civilizations that we know to have existed, unlike the mythical ones like Atlantis, Lemuria, and Rama, to name a few. Here is some civilization that has defined history.
- The Roman Civilization: Around the sixth century BC, Roman civilization emerged. The Roman Empire ruled a large part of the country at its height, while ancient Rome comprised all the present countries of the Mediterranean. Also in Rome were some of the greatest emperors of history like Julius Caesar, Trajan and Augustus rising and falling. But finally, the empire became so vast that it simply couldn’t come under one rule. In the end, millions of barbarians from northern and eastern Europe overcame the Roman Empire.
- The Aztec Civilization: In the early1200s and 1300s, the Aztec civilization has begun to start. The people of Mexico today lived in three major competing towns – Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, and Tlacopan. These rivals formed an alliance around 1325 and the new state ruled over the Mexico valley. The people at that time had chosen the Aztecs to call Mexica. In a century, the Aztecs rose again within Mexico and Central America – the Mayans, another influential civilization. But not every city or region was directly ruled by the Aztec emperor. There remained local governments and the Triple Alliance had to pay different sums of tribute. The Aztec civilization stood at its peak in the early 1500s. However, when the Spanish arrived, the Incas and Spanish conquistadors waged a big struggle. The indigenous allies, led by Hernan Cortes in 1521, were formed. Eventually, the defeat in this decisive battle brought down the Aztec Empire.
- The Incan Civilization: In pre-Columbian times, the Incan Empire was the greatest in South America. In the present areas of Ecuador, Peru, and Chile that civilization had flourished. The Inca followed the god of sun Inti devotedly and their king was called “Sapa Inca,” which means the child of the solar system. The first Incan emperor, the Pachacuti, turned the capital into a large, puma-like town from a small town. The tradition of ancestor worship has further expanded. The king’s death would give his son all the power, but his riches would go to the rest of his family, who would keep his mummy and maintain political influence in return. The Inca, who became great builders, built fortresses and places such as Machu Picchu and Cusco which remain, were thus significantly strengthened.
Though civilization has evolved a long way in this course of time, this historic civilization has played a major part in the evolution and will always be remembered throughout the time.