Rice, is an edible starchy edible grain. It is the leading cereal crop in the world. Rice is the world’s third on basis of the volume of production. Paddy production is done in 113 countries of the world. It contributes more than 7% of the total GDP and 20% of AGDP(2077/78 B.S.).
In Nepal, paddy cultivation is done in all the districts except Manang and Mustang. Just on statistic says: the most leading paddy production in Nepal is done in the Jhapa district wherein cultivation is done in 90,000ha. It is said that total paddy production in Jhapa is equivalent to total rice production from 22 districts of the hilly region of Nepal. Total rice cultivated land in Nepal according to recent data (2077/2078B.S.) is 14,73,000ha and out of which total production is 56,22,000MT which is approximately 1.5 kharba and the productivity is 3.8ton/ha.
Nepal is the only place in the world where is paddy(Jumli marshi) is cultivated at the highest altitude in about 1000ft(3050m) in Chumchaur, Jumla. Interestingly enough!! Nepalese consumes rice twice daily whereas Filipino consumes it four times a day. When Nepalese encounter each other, after greeting they never forget to ask ‘bhat khayau’. This shows the importance of rice among Nepalese society.
During 1966, famine was an extremely crucial story around the world. With greater reason, this issue predominated in Asia. As it is known hunger is the principle cause of war where rice played an influential role to eradicate hunger which brought world peace.